On 28th February,1984 Scandinavian Airlines flight 901, a 7 years old McDonnell Douglas DC 10-30, nickname Haakon Viking was a scheduled flight from Stockholm,Sweden to New York,USA with a stopover in Oslo, Norway. They were 163 passengers and 14 crew members on board.
Cause of Crash:-
As the plane was approaching its Final destination at JFK Airport at New York. The pilots decide to land on Runway 4R following the ATIS information. Few minutes later the pilots find that the visibility decreases due to bad weather. First Officer will land the plane. He also activate the autotrottles to maintain selected airspeed. Due to low visibility the captain configures the aircraft for Category 2 approach. This cause Runway Visual Range (RVR) to increase. Just few moments from touch down the captain finds that the plane is flying fast and approaching higher this cause the aircraft to float down the Runway 4R. The plane was landed at 1440 metres past the runway 4R treshhold. The Runway 4R was only 2560 metres long. The pilots apply maximum reverse power and maximum breaking power but the DC 10 Overruns the Runway 4R. Everyone on board survives but 12 people were injured. The investigation determines that the Autotrottle speed control systems were repeated malfunctions. From few days before the crash, the pilots who flied the Haakon Viking Complained that the Autotrottles were not maintaining the selected airspeed. The maintenance team replaced the No2 Autotrottle speed controller before the flight tooks off from Stockholm but it fails again during Stockholm Oslo Leg. But the pilots can still disable the Autotrottles. It was later determined that the pilots were not monitoring airspeed during approach. Therefore the cause of the crash was cited a Pilot Error. The aircraft DC 10-30 nicknamed Haakon Viking who was involved in the incident was eventually repair and return to service. Few years later the plane was sold to Fed Ex Express and converted to an MD 10CF. The plane is still in service as of 2017. - 8 days ago